Cora Belle Hardy Calvert
Educator and Community Leader
Cora Belle Hardy Calvert, 1927.
Cora Belle Hardy was born in Gainesville,
New York, in 1861 and came to Lincoln, Nebraska, with her family
in 1865. Her father was an early
mayor of Lincoln and was a candidate for governor on the prohibition
ticket. Cora attended the University of Nebraska and was a teacher
and principal in the Lincoln public schools for twenty-seven
years. She was an organizer of the Y.W.C.A., a world traveler,
and a charter member of the Nebraska Art Association. She died
Scrapbooks are windows into the interests,
hobbies, activities, and achievements of their makers. In Cora's scrapbook, the majority of the pages
in the first half of the album are filled with newspaper clippings
of poetry, the occasional print of a cat or kitten, and programs
from commencements and literary presentations. Articles about
her travels, about her family, and about her career as a teacher
and school principal fill the last portion of the scrapbook.
Mark Twain's Patent Scrapbook
Cora's scrapbook is a commercially produced
volume patented by well-known author Mark Twain. Twain was an avid scrapbook keeper and in 1872
he created and began selling Mark Twain's Patent Scrapbook.
The innovation in this volume was that it was self-pasting, with
dots of adhesive already placed on the pages. When these dots
were moistened, clippings would readily adhere to them, simplifying
the process of compiling the scrapbook, or so the advertising
Twain included the following testimony in some of his advertising.
Messers, Slote, Woodman & Co.
I hereby certify that during many years I was afflicted with
cramps in my limbs, indigestion, salt rheum, enlargement of the
liver, & periodical attacks of inflammatory rheumatism complicated
with St. Vitus's dance, my sufferings being so great that for
months at a time I was unable to stand upon my feet without assistance
or speak the truth with it. But as soon as I had invented my
Self-Pasting Scrap Book & begun to use it in my own family,
all these infirmities disappeared.
this universal healer among the world's afflicted, you are doing
a noble work, & I sincerely hop you will get your reward-partly
in the sweet consciousness of doing good, but the bulk of it
Very Truly Yours,
Given under my hand this 10th day of February, A.D. 1878.
The St. Louis Post-Dispatch reported
in June of 1885 that while he had
made $200,000 from all of his other books published, he had realized
a profit of $50,000 from his scrapbook alone.
Fenton B. Fleming
Businessman and Community
Fenton Burn Fleming was born in Kansas
in 1883, attended Kansas State
College, and moved to Lincoln in 1903, where he married Margarett
Royce in 1906. He operated a jewelry store, and was mayor of
Lincoln for two years. Fleming died in 1953.
Fenton Fleming's active business and political
life in his community is reflected
in his scrapbooks, which are filled with newspaper clippings
that document his activities. The scrapbooks that he used were
designed specifically to hold newspaper clippings and they, like
the pages of Mark Twain's scrapbooks, were prepared with adhesive
that needed only to be moistened to adhere clippings to the page.
As this advertisement for these
patented Ideal Scrap Books illustrates,
the clippings were to be layered from the inside edge of the
page to the outside edge, allowing for far more clippings to
fit on a page than otherwise possible. Clearly in this type of
album, volume was far more important than aesthetics.
Glass advertising sign used by Fenton B. Fleming.
Diaries and Journals
J.A. Hill, Civil
W. Richards, Surveyor
J.S. Morton, Statesman
Sara J. Price, Teacher
W. Danley, Businessman
J. & E. Green, Farmers
S. Buck, Farm Wife
S. & E. Allis,
E. & L. Correll,
W.J. Bryan, Orator
Lucy Drexel, Student
Viola Barnes, Student
Willa Cather, Author
Fenton. B. Fleming,
Myrtle Soulier, Student
B. Watson, Porter
Margaret and Edward
Frances M. Creech,
Sierra Nevada Bunnell,