Julesburg, Colorado, visible to the southwest, was established as a road ranche, trading post and stage station in 1859. Located near the junction of several overland routes, Old Julesburg became an important transportation and military center during the 1860's.
Although a small military garrison, Camp Rankin, was established near Julesburg in 1864, the small military force was unable to prevent over five hundred Sioux and Cheyenne from burning the settlement and killing eighteen defenders on January 7, 1865. Julesburg was rebuilt on a new site, and the military post was enlarged and later renamed Fort Sedgwick.
Until 1871 when it was abandoned, Fort Sedgwick served as a focal point for military activities in the region, and, during the construction of the Union Pacific across western Nebraska in 1867, troops from the post protected the construction workers from the continual threat of Indian attack. At that time, Julesburg was rebuilt near the railroad, and, though it lasted less than a year, it became noted for vice and violence.
The fourth and present Julesburg was platted as Denver Junction in 1884. Two years later, when incorporated, it was renamed Julesburg.
Department of Roads
Nebraska State Historical Society
Big Springs Rest Area I-80, east bound