Official Nebraska Government Website Nebraska State Historical Society

Nebraska Time Traveler
question and activity cards

Answers, grades 5-8

First Nebraskans

a. Describe the objects belonging to the Early Potters. Student observations.

Describe the objects belonging to the Prehistoric Farmers (Easterners and Westerners). Student observations.

Look at the drawings of the Early Potters' and Prehistoric Farmers' houses. How are their houses different? The Early Potters lived in skin lodges and the Prehistoric Farmers lived in earthlodges.
What was the major difference between these two cultures? The Prehistoric Farmers did more farming and lived in more permanent structures.

b. Find the Europeans and Americans section. Describe the gift given to Logan Fontanelle by the U. S. Government. A flag from 1854, with 31 stars.
Why was he given this gift? For helping the Omaha tribe negotiate a treaty with the U. S. Government. U. S. flags were common gifts to tribal leaders.
Your ideas: Why do you think the government chose to give this particular gift to tribal leaders? Student ideas.

c. Find the painting that tells the story of a expedition and conflict in 1720 between Europeans and Indians near present day Columbus, Nebraska. How can we identify the Spanish soldiers in the painting? Round hats

Which Indians were allies with the Spanish? Pueblo

How can we identify the French soldiers? Three-cornered hats or pointed caps
Who were their Indian allies? Pawnee and Oto

Challenge: Imagine you were a European soldier exploring and fighting on the Plains in August. Name three problems you would face. (Hint: All three problems can be found in this painting.) Crossing rivers, wearing wool uniforms in hot weather, no good places to hide in a prairie.

d. Go to the Clothing section. What is your favorite accessory or article of clothing? Answers will vary.
What is it made of? Answers will vary.

Challenge: Name two trade items incorporated in Plains Indian clothing and accessories. German silver, beads.

e. Go to the earthlodge and look at the materials and construction of this dwelling. List three of the materials. Answers may include: logs, dirt, grass, sticks, branches.

Challenge: Describe two ways in which the earthlodge design and materials worked well with the weather and geography of the Plains. Answers may include: Materials could be found locally and naturally. Earth makes a home warm in the winter and cool in the summer. The rain could easily run down the side of the dome-shaped house.

f. Go to the Reservation Era section and find the Standing Bear's Trial Display. What is the thank-you gift given to Standing Bear's attorney? Ponca head ornament.
Why was it so valuable to Standing Bear? It was an heirloom in Standing Bear's family.

Challenge: How did Standing Bear's success relate to the U.S. Constitution? His trial established that American Indians were entitled to basic human rights under the U.S. Constitution.

g. What school won the 1927 Nebraska High School basketball championship in Class C? (Hint: Find the trophy) Genoa Indian School
What did boys and girls learn at this school? The girls learned home economics, boys learned agriculture and industrial arts.
What did they wear sometimes? Military uniforms.

Nebraska Joins the Union

a. Between 1803 and 1854, only Native Americans and a few other groups of people were allowed in the region that became Nebraska. Find an object, painting, photo, or document relating to each of the groups listed below. What does the item tell you about the group?

fur traders trade items: beads, guns, Peter Sarpy's portrait and coat, drawings of fur traders on the river, STUDENT IDEAS.

soldiers Shako hats, pitcher, spoon, commission, STUDENT IDEAS.

Oregon trail travelers drawings of travelers, animal skin jacket, Fort Kearny key, photos of road ranches, STUDENT IDEAS.

missionaries photo of Samuel Allis, portrait of Emeline Palmer Allis, quirt handle, STUDENT IDEAS.

b. Go to the Lifelines - Frontier Transportation and Communication display. Find two objects that relate to invention in travel and communication. What are they? What was their impact?

Object                                        Impact (How the invention helped people.)

Spurs or air cushion     a mail carrier used the spurs and air cushion to ride a horse and deliver mail enabling people to communicate via letters.
                  enabled transportation of people and supplies up river.

c. Find the object made by an African American. What is the object? A pair of boots.
How many slaves were in Nebraska in 1855? Thirteen.

d. Go to the Civil War section. What object was used by James W. Thomas? A bugle.
Where and how did he use the object? In the 1863 expedition against the Sioux. How did he use it? Student ideas.

Why was the Second Nebraska Volunteer Cavalry organized? (Hint: Read the label entitled "Volunteer Cavalry on the Frontier.") To protect the frontier and guard the Overland Trail.

e. Go to the Getting a Farm section. Find the official document that gave land away to a veteran. How many acres did he receive? (Hint: The number is less than 160.) 80.

What was the 1862 Act approved by Abraham Lincoln that promised 160 acres of virtually free government land? Homestead Act.

What four qualifications did a person have to meet to own this land? Adult, U.S. citizen, pay a $10 filing fee, live on or cultivate the land for five years.

Your ideas: Why do you think the U. S. government gave land away? Student ideas.

f. Go to the Carson Parlor. During the Victorian period (late 1800s) appearances were very important. Imagine you lived in this house and used this parlor to entertain guests. What object in this room would you be most proud of? Answers will vary.

Why? Answers will vary.

g. Go to the Town Building section. Find and describe the "wildcat notes." Answers will vary.

Name three of the banks that created the money. Student observations.

Challenge: How has our system of money changed since these notes were used? Student ideas.

World War II

a. Find the photo of three workers in the cornfields. Who were the 'satisfactory replacements' for the young men who left the family farms? Women
What work are these workers doing? Detasseling corn

b. Go to the Martin Bomber Plant display. Of the 14,527 people employed at the bomber plant, what percentage were women? 40 %

Your ideas: Why do you think there were so many women employed at this plant? Answers may include: because so many of the men were at war
How do you think the women felt about working at the plant? Answers will vary.
Find the knife Pauline used to apply decals to planes. Fill in the blanks for these decal messages:

"Don't squeeze me in a vise."

"Tighten my drill with a chuck key."

c. Go to the Civil Defense display. Find the bombs dropped on the state capitol in Lincoln. What are they made from? Sand and flour.

Why was Lincoln bombed? As a practice air raid to test the civil defense plan.

Read Paul C. Andreas' story. What was his responsibility during blackouts? He was the warden for a square block and needed to make sure all of the lights were out in the houses on that block.
How do you think you would have felt during one of these blackouts? Answers will vary.

d. Go to the Canteens display and look at the photographs. Describe what took place at the North Platte Canteen in five or fewer words. Answers may include: Women gave food to soldiers.
Your ideas: What do you think was the impact of the canteen on the soldiers? Answers may include: boosting morale, giving them personal items they wouldn't otherwise have like magazines, gum, birthday cakes on their birthdays.

What was the impact on the community of North Platte? Answers may include: gave the civilians on the "Home Front" a good way to support the soldiers.

e. Find the Making It Do, Or Doing Without display. Look at the rationing stamps and certificates in this area. Name three items that were rationed. Gasoline, sugar, coffee, shoes.

Sketch or describe one of these rationing stamps. Answers will vary.

Your ideas: Which of these would be the most difficult for you to cut back on? Answers will vary.

Why? Answers will vary.

f. Go to the Military section. Find the uniform worn by Grace Elizabeth Clements. Describe the uniform. Student observations.

Which Women's Auxiliary did she belong to? Women's Airforce Service Pilots or WASP

What was the result of her 'snafu'? She did a flight job intended for a male pilot: providing courier service for a colonel and crew training for a top secret mission.

g. Your ideas: If you had lived during World War II, what would you have done to help and why? Answers will vary.


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Last updated 7 March 2000 

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